Calling to Australia
Making Calls while in Australia
Other Information about Long Distance Calling To/From Australia
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Information About Australia’s Telephone System
Australia’s first telephone service was launched in 1879. Today, Australia has a modern, technologically advanced telecommunications system. The telephone network uses primarily fiber optic networks, with copper lines connecting homes and business to local exchanges.
Over 10.8 million land lines and 14.4 million cell phone lines are currently in use.
Important Phone Numbers To Know if Traveling to Australia
All diplomatic posts are in Australian Capital Territory. The U.S. Embassy is located in Yarralumla at 21 Moonah Place (tel. 2/6214-5600). Also in Yarralumla are the Embassy of Ireland (20 Arkana St., tel. 2/6273-3022) and the High Commission of Canada (Commonwealth Ave. tel. 2/6270-4000). The British High Commission is in Canberra at Commonwealth Ave. (tel. 2/6270-6666). Also in Canberra is the New Zealand High Commission (Commonwealth Ave., tel. 2/6270/4211).
Other Important Information to Know About Australia
Eastern Standard Time: GMT +10.00 hours. Current time in Sydney.
Central Standard Time: GMT +9.30 hours. Current time in Adelaide.
Western Standard Time: GMT +8.00 hours. Current time in Perth.
The Australian dollar is currently worth 0.83 U.S. dollars, 0.61 euros, 0.41 British pounds, or 99.6 Japanese yen. Current exchange rates for the Australian dollar.
20,804,000 (White/European 92%, Asian 7%, Aboriginal and other 1%).
Australia recognizes ten public holidays nationally. They include New Year’s Day, Australia Day (January 26th), Good Friday, Easter Saturday, Easter Monday, Anzac Day (April 25th), Queen’s Birthday (2nd Monday in June), Christmas, and Boxing Day (December 26th or 27th).
The official language of Australia is English. Chinese is spoken at home by 2.1% of the population, Italian by 1.9% of the population, and Greek by 1.4% of the population. About 70 Aboriginal languages are still spoken, but all but 20 of them are endangered.
The southeast and southwest corners of Australia have temperate climates. Northern Australia has a tropical climate, with a landscape that varies from rainforest to desert. In general, summer (December to February) can get hot in Australia, but it’s perfect beach weather. The north can get very, very humid during the summer. Spring and autumn weather is pleasantly mild.
Fun Facts About Australia
- Indigenous Australians have inhabited the country for more than 42,000 years.
- The Great Barrier Reef, the world’s largest coral reef, is just off the northeast coast and extends for over 1200 miles.
- The bulk of Australia’s population is concentrated in the coastal cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.
- During the first few centuries of its settlement, Australia’s cuisine mirrored that of the UK, but it has been increasingly influenced by Mediterranean and Asian foods.
- Tipping is not the norm in Australia. For a substantial meal in a restaurant, consider tipping up to 5%.
- Vegemite is Australia’s most famous packaged food. It is a black salty spread made from yeast. Most Australians eat it on toast.
- If you’re going to be traveling between Christmas and New Year’s Day, over Easter weekend, or during Australian school holidays, book early. These are the most popular travel times for Aussies.
- Air travel is the best way to travel between cities in Australia. The country is huge, and the interior landscape can seem repetitive.
- The Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Upon its designation in 2004 it was the first World Heritage Site in the country. More than a dozen more have been designated since then.
- A can of beer is called a “tinnie.” Small bottles of beer are referred to as “stubbies.”
- Some of the fruits indigenous to Australia are the desert lime, the finger lime, and the riberry.
- Australia’s most popular sports are swimming, Australian rules football, golk, soccer, rugby, and cricket.
- Melbourne is considered one of the world’s most livable cities. It’s got an active nightlife, cultural offerings, and sporting events galore.
- Australia is surrounded by the Indian, Southern, and Pacific Oceans.
- The Blue Mountains offer wonderful sights and opportunities to truly explore the Australian bush.
- Australia has one of the world’s largest camel populations. Visit the Outback for a chance to ride one.
- Each capital city in Australia has its own symphony orchestra.